Do you understand your auto insurance? Statistically, probably not.
A survey of over 1,000 car insurance customers showed that only 21% of survey respondents would get a passing grade (D+ or higher) when it comes to identifying factors insurers use to determine coverage.
Many of our clients who come to us after an accident don’t have a clue as to what their policy entails and are completely blindsided when they realize their insurance falls far short of their needs. For that reason, it’s important to understand, at the the least, these key elements of your policy.
Understanding Minimum Auto Coverages in PA & NJ
The law requires that everyone who owns a vehicle prove that they are financially responsible enough to pay for damages if ever they are in an accident. Most often, drivers prove their financial responsibility by purchasing auto insurance. Each state sets its own standards for auto insurance coverage and provides the rules for minimum coverage. Purchasing minimum coverage will ensure that you meet legal requirements, but it doesn’t mean you’re “fully covered,” and it doesn’t pay for many of your needs if ever you’re in an accident.
Pennsylvania requires three basic types of coverage.
- Medical benefits – This type of coverage pays your and your family’s medical bills, regardless of fault. You have to purchase at least $5,000 of coverage.
- Bodily injury liability – You also must carry a minimum of $15,000 per person/$30,000 per accident bodily injury liability coverage. This pays for others’ medical bills and other damages when you’re at fault.
- Property damage liability – This coverage pays for others’ property damage when you’re at fault. The minimum amount you can carry is $5,000.
New Jersey provides an option for bare-bones insurance, which the state refers to as a “basic policy.” This is the most inexpensive option, but it hardly covers anything. Bodily injury liability is not required, which means if you don’t carry it and injure others, you’ll be responsible for paying their damages out of pocket. The only two coverages required in NJ include the following:
- Personal injury protection – Personal injury protection, or PIP, is akin to Pennsylvania’s medical benefits. It covers you and your passengers’ injuries in an accident, regardless of fault. The minimum coverage is $15,000 per person.
- Property damage liability – You have to carry at least $5,000 in property damage.
Key Important Coverages to Consider
You can imagine why the state minimum coverages will not be much help if ever you are involved in a serious accident. For example, $5,000 in medical benefits will hardly scratch the surface of a hospital bill for even semi-serious injuries. Also, most cars are valued at way more than the property damage liability limit of $5,000. If you total a newer car, you will be out of luck.
You will want to consider increasing policy limits on the basic coverages you carry. Doing so will increase your premium only by a few dollars, and you will be glad you have it if you are in a bad accident. If you reside in NJ, you will want to opt for a standard rather than basic policy and ensure you purchase bodily injury liability.
There are a staggering number of auto coverages and add-ons you might want to consider, such as income loss, funeral benefits, accidental death benefits, gap coverage and rental reimbursement, to name a few. So as not to overwhelm you, below is a brief description of the four types of important coverages that can provide the most overarching protection.
- Uninsured/underinsured motorist coverage – UM/UIM covers you if you are in an accident with someone who doesn’t have adequate insurance to pay for your damages or who is driving illegally without any insurance at all. It also covers you if you are the victim of a hit-and-run. Given the scores of people who drive with little insurance, the value of UM/UIM cannot be overstated.
- Collision – Collision coverages pays for vehicle damages. If you do not carry collision, you will have to foot the bill for any repairs to your car if you’re at fault in an accident.
- Comprehensive – Comprehensive coverage pays for damage to your car that is not the result of an accident, such as in the case of theft, flooding or vandalism. Most auto finance companies require that you carry collision and comprehensive insurance during the interim of your loan.
- Tort coverage – You will want to ask your agent about purchasing full tort coverage. This coverage gives you the right to sue at-fault parties for pain and suffering.
For legal help in PA or NJ, contact Cordisco & Saile LLC at 215-642-2335 or learn more at www.cordiscosaile.com.