Types of Closed Head Injuries | Auto Accident | Bensalem, PA

A closed head injury is any injury to the head that does not penetrate the skull, explains Bucks County personal injury lawyer, Michael L. Saile, Jr. Auto accidents are frequent causes of a variety of head injuries, so it is important to seek medical attention immediately after a car crash.  If you have hit head on any part of the interior of the car, or have experienced a strong jolting movement of your head and neck, a  CT scan of your head will likely be performed at the hospital ER, especially if you complain of:

  • Head pain/headache
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred vision
  • Disorientation
  • Loss of balance


Some types of closed head injuries include:


  • Concussion: A concussion temporarily affects normal brain function. A number of immediate symptoms may include: nausea, dizziness, headache, vomiting, ringing in ears and slurred speech. Concussion victims may also have trouble concentrating, become confused, or have difficulty balancing. Sometimes symptoms do not appear until hours or days after your accident. Secondary symptoms may include: changes in sleep patterns, sensitivity to light and sound, and mood swings. A big movement of the brain within the skull in any direction can cause you to become unconscious. The amount of time you remain unconscious could be a determining factor of how severe your concussion is. However, most people who have a concussion so not lose consciousness.


  • Brain Contusion: Brain contusions are bruises to the brain tissue. Some symptoms may include: feeling weak or numb, loss of memory, loss of physical coordination. Brain contusions are dangerous because they can increase pressure inside the skull. In some cases, brain contusions can lead to hemorrhages, which are absorbed into the brain tissue. Whereas concussions are more spread out inside the brain, contusions are more localized, which distinguishes them from concussions. 


  • Diffuse Axonal Injury: This type of closed head injury results in permanent damage to the nerves in the brain. It can cause swelling in the brain, as well as pressure inside the skull. Severe diffuse axonal injuries can result in vegetative status or a coma. 


  • Intracranial Hematoma: This occurs when the brain is forced against the inside of the skull, resulting in a pool of blood outside the brain or in-between the skull and the brain. The brain is not designed to drain this much fluid, so it can compress brain tissue. Blood that collects in the brain may lead to unconsciousness, seizures, and nerve damage.


Now, with a better understanding of the seriousness of head injuries, you can appreciate why it is so important to be checked out, have tests run, and be treated as soon as you begin experiencing pain, discomfort, or any of the other symptoms outlined above. This approach applies to any sort of injury you may have sustained in a Philadelphia area car accident.

If you or a loved one suffered a closed head injury as a result of a Bensalem area auto accident, contact a skilled personal injury lawyer who knows how to negotiate with the big insurance companies to get you the fair compensation you deserve for your damages. We encourage you to download your FREE copy of our book, How to Maximize Your Pennsylvania Car Accident Case Before An Insurance Company Takes Advantage Of You to have many of your initial questions answered and to gain very good information to share with friends and family members.  Call us at 215-642-2335 to talk about your case and schedule your FREE consultation.